Development of Creativity and Innovation in Guidance and Counseling: A Sufistic Approach

Muhamad Rifa'i Subhi, Burhan Yusuf Habibi


This research aims to obtain an alternative paradigm in the development of creativity and innovation guidance and counseling based on the sufistic approach. To this end, a qualitative approach was applied. The content analysis technique comprising open coding, axial coding, and selective coding was applied. The open coding stage was used to identify, classify, and decompile important data. In the axial coding stage, findings from the open coding stage were linked to broader categories to obtain better picture. The selective coding stage was used as the process of selecting core categories and developing them into more systematic concepts by integrating all findings. The results showed that spirituality is a potential ability that exists in individuals. This ability is manifested in the practice of worship as a form of servitude to Allah. The worshipping experience can be utilized as a therapeutic process in guidance and counseling. Some of the practices of worship included salat, reading al-Qur’an, zakat, dzikr, salawat, and shukr.

Full Text:



Adz-Dzaky, M. H. B. (2006). Konseling & Psikoterapi Islam. Yogyakarta: Fajar Baru Pustaka.

Baharuddin, E. Bin, & Ismail, Z. B. (2015). 7 Domains of Spiritual Intelligence from Islamic Perspective. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 211. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.11.075.

Bonab, B. G., & Koohsar, A. A. H. (2011). Reliance on God as A Core Construct of Islamic Psychology. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.043.

Brelsford, G. M., & Ciarrocchi, J. (2013). Spiritual Disclosure and Ego Resiliency: Validating Spiritual Competencies. Counseling and Values, 58(2), 130-141. DOI: 10.1002/j.2161-007X.2013.00029.x.

Chen, J. de, & George, R. A. (2005). Cultivating Resilience in Children From Divorced ly

Ching, W. C. (2014). An Understanding of The Counseling Process That Involves Spiritual Experiences. Malaysian Online Journal of Counseling, 2(1), 1-12.

Cohen, J. A., Mannarino, A. P., & Deblinger, E. (2006). Treating Trauma and Traumatic Grief in Children and Adolescents. USA: The Guildford Press.

Friedman, M. J., & Resick, P. A. (2014). Handbook of PTSD: Science and Practice (2nd Ed.). USA: The Guildford Press.

Goldstein, S., & Brooks, R. B. (2013). Why Study Resilience?. Handbook of Resilience in Children: Second Edition. Retrieved from

Greeff, A. P., & van der Merwe, S. (2004). Variables Associated with Resilience in Divorced Families. Social Indicators Research, 68(1), 59-75. DOI: 10.1023/B:SOCI.0000025569.95499.b5.

Grotberg, E. (1995). A Guide to Promoting Resilience in Children: Strengthening The Human Spirit. Netherlands: Bernard van Leer Foundation.

Hamjah, S. H., & Muhamad Arib, N. (2015). Discussion on Religious Practice in Counseling: a Preliminary Survey. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(6S5), 394-401. DOI: 10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n6s5p394.

Hamka. (1990). Tasauf Modern. Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas.

Hanin Hamjah, S., Mat Akhir, N. S., Ismail, Z., Ismail, A., & Mohd. Arib, N. (2017). The Application of Ibadah (Worship) in Counseling: Its Importance and Implications to Muslim Clients. Journal of Religion and Health, 56(4), 1302-1310. DOI: 10.1007/s10943-015-0122-6.

Hyatt-Burkhart, D., & Lopez Levers, L. (2012). Historical Contexts of Trauma. In Trauma counseling: Theories and interventions. Springer Publishing Company. DOI: 10.1891/9780826106841.0002.

Khalil, A. (2015). On Cultivating Gratitude (Shukr) in Sufi Virtue Ethics. Journal of Sufi Studies, 4(1–2), 1-26. DOI: 10.1163/22105956-12341274.

Lynch, M. F. (2019). Theoretical Contexts of Trauma Counseling. In Trauma counseling: Theories and interventions. Springer Publishing Company. DOI: 10.1891/9780826106841.0003.

Nelson, J. A., Kirk, A. M., Ane, P., & Serres, S. A. (2011). Religious and Spiritual Values and Moral Commitment in Marriage: Untapped Resources in Couples Counseling? Counseling and Values, 55(2), 228-246. DOI: 10.1002/j.2161-007X.2011.tb00034.x.

Razali, K. (2013). Religious Practices in Trauma Coping. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 3(1), 97-120.

Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques (2nd ed). USA: Sage Publications.

Subhi, M. R. (2014). Konseling Islami menggunakan Ajaran Tasawuf Modern Hamka untuk meningkatkan Kebermaknaan Hidup (Studi Eksperimen pada siswa SMP Plus Salafiyah Pemalang). (Unpublished thesis) UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Subhi, M. R. (2017). Pendekatan Sufistik dalam Bimbingan dan Konseling Keluarga: Paradigma Alternatif Penyelesaian Problematika Keluarga. Seminar Nasional Bimbingan Dan Konseling Keluarga, 77–87.

Subhi, M. R. (2020). Bimbingan Pengembangan Pribadi Rendah Hati Berlandaskan Tasawuf Ulama Mutaakhirin (Unpublished dessertation) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia.

Subhi, M. R., & Alfiah, N. (2018). Pendekatan Sufistik dalam Bimbingan dan Konseling. Paper presented at Prosiding Seminar Nasional Bimbingan dan Konseling Perguruan Tinggi, UPI Bandung, Bandung 6 April (pp. 281–287). Bandung: UPT-BKPK.

Subhi, M. R., Rakhmat, C., & Budiman, N. (2019). Pendekatan Sufistik dalam Bimbingan dan Konseling. In N. Budiman, Y. R. Yustiana, & E. S. Yudha (Eds.), Paper presented at Konvensi Nasional Bimbingan dan Konseling XXI (pp. 150–156). Yogyakarta: ABKIN.

Subhi, M. R., & Widiyanti, W. (2018). Post-Traumatic Guidance and Counseling Using Modern Tasawuf Hamka Approach in Lowering Traumatic Grief. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Educational Sciences (ICES 2017), 2, 5-12. DOI: 10.5220/0007044405540561.

Sutoyo, A. (2013). Bimbingan dan Konseling Islami: Teori dan Praktik. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Zakaria, N., & Mat Akhir, N. S. (2017). Theories and Modules Applied in Islamic Counseling Practices in Malaysia. Journal of Religion and Health, 56(2), 507-520. DOI: 10.1007/s10943-016-0246-3.

Zayed, T. M. (2014). Conceptual and Practical Understanding of Counseling in Islam. Malaysian Online Journal of Counseling, 2(1), 1-13.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Muhamad Rifa'i Subhi, Burhan Yusuf Habibi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Lisensi Creative Commons

Pamomong: Journal of Islamic Educational Counseling  is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License